Sanitary installation in your home. Why, when and how do we change it?

Sanitary installation in your home. Why, when and how do we change it?

When we talk about a sanitary installation we refer to all the pipes and tubes in a building, to the heating system used, to the water circuits, but also to the wastewater collection system. We can say that it is the engine of the home and for this reason it is essential that the sanitary installation is set up so that it meets all the needs of family members.
If the house is old then even more so a revision must be made and, if necessary, even its change. In most cases, the work is performed by a specialist in the field who knows very well all the materials and mechanisms.

For these reasons, below are some aspects that you must consider if you decide to change something in the sanitary installation in your home.

Types of sanitary installation
Sanitary installations can be exterior or interior. The interior sanitary installation facilitates the water circuit inside the house, and the outside one is used for the needs outside the house (yard faucet, garden irrigation, etc.).

Elaboration of the sanitary installation plan
Because we are talking about changing the sanitary installation, the first and perhaps the most important step is the design.
The preparation of the project, the selection of the right components and the start of the works must be done by an authorized specialist, so that all modifications are made safely. This will be very helpful because it will check the existing installation and depending on the project will determine what the new installation should look like.

Materials used for the sanitary installation
Each water circuit, regardless of its use, must take into account two aspects for optimal operation: the pipes and materials used. The materials must be suitable for each profile, and the pipes are chosen taking into account the temperature and water pressure.

There are several types of pipes:
Plastic pipes
They are the most affordable in terms of price, but the installations made of plastic pipes have a shorter lifespan, around 25 years. They are flexible and corrosion resistant.

Polypropylene pipes
It is a type of pipe suitable for domestic water installation (hot or cold) because this synthetic material is more resistant to high temperatures and the lifespan is longer (up to 50 years). They are non-toxic and resistant to frost or deposits.

Copper pipes
Even if they have a high price, copper pipes have been used for a long time in the realization of sanitary installations, being met most of the time at the installations in the old houses. They can be easily modeled and are resistant to various factors that occur over time.

Pexal pipes
The pexal pipes are made of three layers of material: plastic on the inside, metal in the middle and again plastic on the outside. All three layers protect the pipes from corrosion. Pexal does not allow large energy losses and is similar to copper, in terms of hygiene.

How do you choose the right sanitary installation?
To make the right choice, water pressure and temperature are the indicators you need to keep in mind. Depending on these, the pipes can be used for pressure or for drainage. In addition to the two indicators, the following must also be taken into account:
• the surface of the house;
• the number of people who will use the installation;
• PH and water hardness;
• type of boiler.

Finally, do not forget that the process of changing the sanitary installation also involves breaking the walls and floor, removing the old one, changing the water circuit, replacing the pipes and finally, dismantling and assembling the sanitary objects.

A material by Mirela Ionita

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